Gilani Engineering are specialists in minor and major home modifications in Sydney Australia. Our experts are determined to provide you with the highest quality bathroom modifications and ensure to exceed your expectations. We are industry leaders in modifying bathrooms to suit individual client needs, we pride ourselves as being specialists in aged and disability related modifications.
From minor home modifications, such as the installation of grab rails, or a major bathroom modification we can do it all. Gilani Engineering understands that the bathroom is one of the most important rooms in the house, that is why we take great care to make sure modifying the bathroom is done right.
We design our bathrooms, in consultation with occupation therapists, to achieve outcomes such as accessible showers, toilets and basins, circulation space and ease of access. We are proud to be Registered NDIS providers and understand the process of designing an accessible bathroom.
Gilani Engineering provides the best disability access solutions for all levels of mobility.
Bathroom can be one of the most dangerous places in your home. The bathroom can present many access challenges to people who use a wheelchair or have mobility limitations. Bathroom safety is one of the number one concerns in making a home accessible as more than two thirds of emergency department admissions are due to bathroom falls. The bathtub and shower are the most hazardous areas for young adults and most falls for elderly occur near the toilet.
Falls in the bathroom can be due to a slippery floor, tight spaces, and/or bending and lifting required in accessing the tub, shower or toilet. The ultimate goal in accessible design is to make the bathroom a safe space. Universal design can better accommodate wheelchair users and can make the bathroom more comfortable for all users and many times can be done without sacrificing style. It is important to carefully plan the building or remodelling of an accessible bathroom by taking note of the user’s mobility and preferences.
Typically, a modified accessible bathroom will contain a shower, a hand basin and toilet in the same room. However, in some circumstances the toilet may remain in a separate room.
The shower, toilet and hand basin to remain in their existing locations unless there is clinical or structural evidence to justify relocation of these fixtures, to increase the functionality, safety, accessibility, and/or circulation space for the participant.
With wall tiling, the consideration that the builder must make is to cater for anything installed in the wall. Gilani Engineering can install any types of wall tiling that suits the condition and preferences of the user.
Wall reinforcement to enable secure fixings of grab rails, may be provided if required. Wall reinforcement should be noggings, wall trimmers or 12mm structural plywood sheeting. The preferred method is plywood wall sheeting, extending between 600mm and 1850mm above the finished floor surface vertically, and along both walls from the corner of the shower to 900mm in both directions horizontally. This will ensure greater flexibility is provided for different types, lengths and locations of grab rails to suit the participant, both now, and in the future.
Any disturbed sections of bathroom walls need to be re-clad with suitable wet area lining or an appropriate substrate surface for wall tiling, or the like. Shower wall tiling (or other waterproof impervious wall finish such as vinyl or laminate sheeting) is provided to a vertical height of 1800mm above the finished floor surface, and extends beyond the shower perimeter (100mm beyond the shower base) for 1300mm in both directions (along both walls) horizontally.
It is essential that waterproofing is carried out by highly qualified individuals as improperly waterproofed bathroom walls can lead to mould, leakage and breakage down the track.
Waterproofing is specified in accordance with AS 3740 as follows:
• For an unenclosed shower, the waterproofing shall extend a minimum of 1500mm from the wall connection of the shower rose
• Vertical flashing, which can be external or internal, is required to terminate a minimum of 1800mm above the finished floor level
• The waterproofing membrane is to be applied over the floor substrate and a minimum height of 150mm up the vertical face of the wall, above the finished floor level. The builder must provide a certificate of waterproofing compliance.
We perform high quality water proofing to ensure that the bathroom remains resilient for a lifetime as per relevant Australian Standards.
Re-grading is another essential area where the builder must ensure that the tiles are built to the right slope preventing wet bathrooms and risk of falls. We recommend the use of shower grate drainage rather than the standard drain system to prevent the bathroom from becoming too wet and slippery and compliments the curb less shower design commonly used for improved accessibility.
The bathroom is one of the wettest, slipperiest parts of the home. Therefore, maintaining balance is critical to prevent falls. Obstacles such as steps require individuals to challenge their balance and can increase the risk of falls.
One of the best innovations to prevent falls in the bathroom is a step less bathroom. By using a seamless bathroom design, individuals do not have to manoeuvre over or around obstacles, reducing their risk of falls or injury.
An open, step less shower is a functional solution for access, however if it is located adjacent to a doorway water could potentially escape. In many domestic bathrooms it may be impractical to relocate the shower away from a doorway, due to the limited size and existing configurations of the bathroom but an additional barricade to prevent water escape can cause accessibility issues.
Alternatively, if you already have a step and do not want to go through the hassle of removing it, we can install a rubber ramp over the steps providing a safe decline for exit and entrance into the shower. A water resistant rubber ramp must be installed to prevent water escape.
Wheelchair users require a different type of basin so that they can easily access the sink. Gilani Engineering performs dozens of wheelchair basin home modifications per week and understands the relevant height required for different individuals to access their basin.
Modifications could include
• Modifications to existing vanity joinery to facilitate knee/foot clearance for a wheelchair user.
• Replacement of an existing hand basin with a new semi-recessed type hand basin, to increase accessibility for a wheelchair user (which would also most likely require a new vanity top).
• Alteration of the height of a hand basin and/ or vanity for a wheelchair or a standing user, based on clinical evidence.
• Replacement of existing taps with accessible taps, such as mixer taps with lever handles (and possibly extended lever handles).
Types of wheelchair accessible basins:
Grab rails are one of the most common disability access solution providing grip and additional safety in the bathroom. Gilani Engineering custom makes specific handrails to suit the client and occupational therapist recommendation.
Another variation of a rail is the drop down grab rail which is ideal for small bathrooms. The drop down rail comes out of the wall laterally and allows the client to have more support and stability whilst transferring to and from the toilet, bath or shower.
The shower is one of the most important and dangerous parts of the bathroom. Therefore, the size of the shower must be sufficient to fit the individual and their aids.
The recommended minimum size of step less shower base is 1200 mm x 1200 mm. In accordance with AS 1428.1 the minimum size for a shower base is 1160 mm x 1100mm.
The section of flooring removed to incorporate the new step less shower base must be replaced and fixed. Floor grades for a step less shower are to be between 1-in-60 to 1-in-80 to a central floor waste or lineal grate. A suitable non-slip flooring, typically vinyl or floor tiles is to be provided inside the shower for contrast. The transition from bathroom floor to step less shower should not be impeded with any rims.
Shower curtains and shower screens must be installed in accordance to the Australian Standard.
Where a shower curtain is to be provided, it is typically on a suspended ‘L’ shaped curtain track with intermediate ceiling support. If the shower base is located in close proximity (within 300mm) to the bathroom door, it may be appropriate to provide an ‘ancillary support’ to the shower base. A small, fixed shower screen ‘nib’ (of at least 150mm wide) to preclude water splashing under the shower curtain, would protect the bathroom entrance from moisture (the shower curtain would slide along the inside of the nib).
The builder should clearly nominate all demolition works for bathroom modifications which would typically include:
Bathroom door and associated material (if being widened).
Bathroom fixtures such as plumbing fixtures (bath, shower, toilet, vanity/hand basin) and bathroom fittings (toilet roll holder, towel rails, robe hooks, mirror).
Existing shower hob.
Existing flooring (such as vinyl or floor tiles).
Internal section of wall, incorporating an adjacent toilet as part of an enlarged accessible bathroom.
Sections of wall lining needed to access plumbing and installation of wall reinforcement.
Sections of sub floor, to construct new step less shower base. This would include a nominated section of timber flooring or structural concrete slab, to facilitate floor grades for a new step less shower base.
– Grab rails
– Towel rails (which may be grab rail specification for the safety of the participant in preventing falls within the bathroom)
– Taps, hand held shower head.
– Plumbing fixtures (toilets, hand basins)
– Bathroom storage cabinets, cupboards, shelving and the like
– Shower screen/curtain.
Contact us through email to firstname.lastname@example.org for any bathroom or home modification enquiries with photographs for a free quote today!
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